Bundesrat

Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (recast)

Scrutiny details

Subsidiarity deadline: 17/05/2017
 
Scrutiny Information

Scrutiny date: 12/05/2017

Subsidiarity Concern:

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27/07/2017 | Reply to Bundesrat - COM20160767

12/05/2017 | Scrutiny results - COM20160767

The Bundesrat welcomes the Commission’s aim updating the Directive on renewable energy from 2009 with a perspective to 2020. By the same, it welcomes the Commission’s approach including the recast of the Winter-Clean-Energy-Package and therefore allowing to implement the European climate and Energy strategy of the Energy Union in a coordinated and coherent way. Especially the approach reducing reporting obligations by consolidating and harmonizing, of a wider involvement of the public, as well as optimizing the communication between the Commission and the member states finds its support. Even though the timetable for further development of European legislation relevant for renewables is very ambitious, the Bundesrat clearly supports it because of the priority of implementing the Paris climate protection agreement.

The Bundesrat doesn’t consider general targets to increase the use of renewables in the heating and cooling sector by one per cent per year as an appropriate tool. In its view, binding national expansion targets for renewables are more likely to help making progress in this goal. However, the Bundesrat calls that efforts that have been already made in this regard are also taken into account. Germany is one of the leading member states in this context in Europe. It must not happen that binding European targets are achieved just because the most ambitious member states are fulfilling them in sum. In this context, the Bundesrat advocates for the introduction of obligatory targets of renewables for each member state, including possible sanctions in case of failure. Otherwise even the all-over European goal may not be achieved.

The Bundesrat calls for common rules on European level, as far as aid schemes for renewables are concerned. Taking into account the different levels of progress in energy mix changes in the different member states, the Bundesrat calls for remaining necessary latitude and flexibility within these schemes, though. Furthermore, the House calls for fixing concrete rules applicable on the intended financial platform, as well as on the so-called particular measures in regional cooperation.

Whilst observing that Commission intends to govern rules of feed-in priority of renewables by the Regulation on the internal market for electricity (COM(2016) 861) instead of within the Directive on renewable energy, the Bundesrat reiterates also in this context the necessity of maintaining the unlimited feed-in priority for renewables. It is an indispensable for the further expansion of renewables and a necessity in order to achieve the climate goals of the European Union.

Concerning the planning and approval of extensions of renewables, the Bundesrat emphasizes their meaning for the Energy change as a whole. Therefore, it welcomes the Commission’s proposal made within Article 16 of this draft Regulation to harmonize and accelerate related permit granting procedures. However, having regard to the provisions on organizing the permit granting procedures, the Bundesrat emphasizes the repartition of competences on national level between the federation and the federal states (Länder). Additionally, in the Bundesrat’s view, single administrative contact points are dispensable, as in Germany the tasks foreseen for them within the draft Regulation are performed already by the building permit authorities. The introduction of new single administrative contact points would double the administrative burden and in consequence harm the permit granting procedures.

The Bundesrat also underlines the importance of the aim mainstreaming renewable energies in the transport sector. It is of the view that considerable efforts are needed to achieve a global use of 27 per cent of renewables in the gross energy consumption and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 30 per cent in 2030, compared to 2005. The Bundesrat states that first generation bio fuels currently contribute the most to the achievement of renewables-goals. To maintain this contribution, the Bundesrat calls to treat differently domestic and imported first generation bio fuels on the basis of further objective criteria, in order to avoid resultant problems like indirect land-use change. Such criteria could be taking into account the use of by-products as animal feed and the clawback of saved imported feed on making the balance of Green House Gas emissions and the assessment of land-use changes.

However, the Bundesrat also welcomes the fact that the draft Regulation emphasizes industrial political aspects alongside with climate political aspects when promoting the use of renewable energy, as research and development in this area can largely contribute to growth and jobs. The draft Regulation is expected to contribute to regulatory conditions allowing research and financing power-to-X-technologies to demonstrate market maturity.


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